The word for "omer" (H6016) in Ancient Hebrew is OMaR. It primarily means the "first (of) many eyes". When applied to a crop it means the "first (of) many fruits" (sheaf) : because grains and other fruits have the same shape as an eye. When applied to people it means the "first man of a crowd" (the first resurrection group is also called the 144000 and five wise virgins). Grains are a type of fruit scientifically speaking (caryopses)—not nuts or seeds.
The word OMaR is usually translated into English as "sheaf". In modern English a sheaf is just a bundle of cereal plants. However in ancient Hebrew times one OMaR was exactly one tenth of a AIPE [ah-eepah] (incorrectly known as [ika] "ephah"). One tenth of an AIPE was about: 21 US dry quarts or 23 L. The OMaR could be of cultivated or wild barley. This means droughts would not have hindered the commencement of a year using ABIB barley.
The children of ISHaRaAL were to bring an OMaR of ABIB (ika aviv) barley (wild or cultivated) (Lev 23:10—12): which IEUE said was their RaASHIT [ra-asheet] (first, H7225) QaTSIRaKaM [qatseerakam] (harvest-of-you, H7105); to the priest for him to wave and parch with fire in IRUSHaLIM on the Sunday (Anc. Heb. RaASHUN, Mod. Jew. Heb. Reeshon) after PaXaCH (ika Passover/Pesach): along with other offerings. Some call this day the "Day, Festival or Feast of: First-Fruits or Bikkurim (Modern Jewish Hebrew) or BaKURIM [bakooreem] (Ancient Hebrew)".
Then, 50 days later (after much reaping, sifting, grinding and baking), the children (of ISHaRaAL) were to bring two wheat loaves to the priest (Lev 23:17) on the CHaG (celebration, H2252) (or Day [Sunday] of [Lev 23:16]) E (the): SHaBUOUT [shaboo-oh-oot] (weeks, incorrectly known as Pentecost/Shavuot) (Exo 34:22) and last of the BaKURIM (first-fruits, Lev 23:17): along with other offerings. This day was also a RaASHUN (Sunday).
The wheat harvest culminated the first of the two major harvests in the ancient Land of ISHaRaAL. The first spring harvest in April—May was for hard fruits (grains). For example: barley, rye and wheat. These are all called first-fruits. The second, larger, autumn harvest in September—October was for fleshy fruits. For example: grapes, olives, pomegranates, figs and dates.
The first harvest represents those who will partake in the first resurrection: the 144000/five wise virgins/rulers of the new millennium. The second harvest represents those who will partake in the second resurrection at the end of the new millennium: the great multitude of Revelation who are those who over the last 6000 years never got a chance to obey the Good News (New Covenant) of IEUESHUO E MaSHICH.
Strong's and Benner's DEFINITIONS of the Word OMaR
From H6014; properly a heap, that is, a sheaf; also an omer, as a dry measure: - omer, sheaf.
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible by Jeff Benner
Concrete definition (physical object): Sheaf
Action definition (verb related to physical object): Bind
Ancient Hebrew PICTURE-LETTERS (Pictographs) of the Word OMaR
Ancient Hebrew letter name = ON
Modern (Jewish) Hebrew letter name = ayin
Picture = eye
Meaning of letter = watch, know, shade
In this word the letter means = eye (human eye, or eye shaped part of a crop (fruit) which can include a kernel of grain)
Ancient Hebrew letter name = MA
Modern (Jewish) Hebrew letter name = mem
Picture = water
Meaning of letter = chaos, mighty, blood
In this word the letter means = much or many in the sense that the sea has much water, as crops have many fruits including grains
used as a default linking letter between any two consonants (these consonants are NOT AL/aleph, EA/heh, ID/yod, ON/ayin or UU/vav) in all Ancient Hebrew words; or between a consonant and an AL/aleph: for example in the word ISHaRaAL (except when a vowel-letter follows the AL as in the name SHAUL). Massoritic vowel pointings are not used to determine this "a" sound, although "a" (pathach or chateph pathach) is a common vowel point, along with qamets (a different, but related "arrr" sound) between Jewish Hebrew letters: these three points are evidence towards the sound "a" [ah], as in the British-sounding "hat", being originally the default vowel.
There cannot be an "E" sound in OMaR (as in the word "omer") because the Ancient Hebrew letter named EA (said as [eh-ah]) which is pronounced as E [eh] in words, is NOT in this word in the Westminster Leningrad (Massoritic) Codex (WLC). The root letters are OMR. There are no other words or meanings with these root letters in the WLC with different vowel points indicating a different vowel other than seghol ([eh] as in the British "pen") after the MA (ika mem). This indicates that the word OMaR is very old, as Massorites have not subsequently used the root letters to create other (new) words. The seghol vowel point only appeared when the Massorites perverted the Ancient Hebrew language using vowel-points.
Ancient Hebrew letter name = RaSH
Modern (Jewish) Hebrew letter name = resh
Picture = man's head
Meaning of letter = first, top, beginning
In this word the letter means = first (in time) or top (of hierarchy when applied to people [IEUESHUO was the first and head (leader) of the first-fruits])
PERSONIFIED MEANING of the Word OMaR
According to Benner, the ancient Hebrew people had up to three main definitions of each word, that each depended on the context they were used in:
1) a concrete definition — which was the physical object that the combination of picture-letters described
2) an action definition — which was a verb related the physical object, and
3) an abstract definition — which was how the word was applied to people
Benner left out an abstract (personified) definition and pictographic analysis of the letters in OMaR in his lexicon. So we will get one by looking at the pictographs and our other knowledge of scripTURE. We need to know what the OMaR is a type and shadow of. SHAUL says the natural comes before the spiritual:
TS98 1 Corinthians 15:46 The spiritual, however, was not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual.
In the MOST CONCRETE Sense (Before "Sheaf") OMaR Means "First (of) Many EYES"
From the pictographic analysis we have done we can see that before it means "sheaf", OMaR means (in the most concrete sense) the "first (of) many eyes" (of humans or animals).
When Applied to a CROP, OMaR Means "First (of) Many FRUITS" (SHEAF)
When applied to a crop (its concrete definition, again, according to the AHLB/Benner) OMaR means the "first (of) many fruits", ie sheaf; because grains (a type of fruit), and other fruits have the same or similar shape as the human eye.
When Applied to the ACTION Of or About the Sheaf, OMaR Means BIND
The action definition (verb related to the physical object) of OMaR is "bind"; again according to the AHLB. This is because a bundle of stalks needs to be bound to be transported.
It's ABSTRACT Definition: When Applied to PEOPLE, OMaR Means "First MAN of a CROWD"
When applied to people (its abstract definition) OMaR means the "first man of a crowd" because people have eyes.
The dream of IEUXaP (ika Joseph) about sheaves in BaRaASHIT (Genesis) 37:5-11 typified one OMaR per son of IOQaB/ISHaRaAL: ie sheaves were people in his dream.
The Group (Singular) Called the 144000 and FIVE WISE VIRGINS Are the "First (of a) CROWD"
TS 98 AH Revelation 14:4 They [the 144000 (Rev 14:1)] are those who were not defiled with women, for they are maidens. They are those following the Lamb wherever He leads them on. They were redeemed from among men, being first-fruits to ALEIM and to the Lamb. [Words in brackets added]
Grains are FRUITS: Not Nuts or Seeds
Grains are fruits (caryopses) scientifically speaking. They are not nuts or seeds. However each kernel contains a seed, just as other fruits contain at least one seed. A caryopsis is the singular word for type of simple dry fruit. Even though a caryopsis grain's outer layer is hard (to the touch and digest), it still has an outer layer that nuts and seeds don't have.
In fleshy fruits this outer layer is thick and watery.
The 144000 and Wise Virgins are TOUGH, the Great Multitude More FLESHY
Again, grain is hard. Similarly, the first-fruits (144000: also known as the five wise virgins) will be hard. They will be spiritually tough and resilient since they are used to dying daily, and impaling the flesh.
The Great Multitude on the other hand will be more fleshy. They are more vulnerable and weak: for example, the millions of babies who have been aborted in the womb.
There Were Two Major HARVESTS in ISHaRaAL: Just as There Will Be Two Major RESURRECTIONS
The wheat harvest culminated the first of the two major harvests in the ancient Land of ISHaRaAL. The first spring harvest in April—May was for hard fruits (grains). For example: barley, rye and wheat. These are all called first-fruits.
The second, larger, autumn harvest in September—October was for fleshy fruits. For example: grapes, olives, pomegranates, figs and dates.
The first harvest represents those who will partake in the first resurrection: the 144000/five wise virgins/rulers of the new millennium.
The second harvest represents those who will partake in the second resurrection at the end of the new millennium: the great multitude of Revelation who are those who over the last 6000 years never got a chance to obey the Good News (New Covenant) of IEUESHUO E MaSHICH.
ISHaRaAL (ika Israel) means "He will rule as AL (God)". This name is given to the group of (144000) people who will rule in the 1000 year new millennium with IEUESHUO E MaSHICH. The 144000 include both Old(er) Testament saints (usually called "Israel" by Christians) and New(er) Testament saints (usually called the "Church" by Christians)—anyone who has obeyed and stood in the Good News (New Covenant) of IEUESHUO MaSHICH is ISHaRaAL.
The 144000 include the Old(er) Testament saints because they were preached to in the grave, were resurrected just after IEUESHUO, and obeyed the Good News/New Covenant of IEUESHUO MaSHICH—before they died a second natural death (like Lazarus) (otherwise there was no point in them being preached to, unless they could do something about it). Also there is no other group in the book of Revelation that can be, or include, the Old(er) Testament saints: the 24 elders are angels the Levitical priesthood were modelled after.
The "sealing of the servants upon their foreheads" in Revelation 7:3, is the finishing off of the sealing, as opposed to all the sealing being done in this (End Time) generation only .
How Big Was an OMaR?
The English definition of a sheaf is just a bundle of cereal plants, as mentioned earlier. However one OMaR of barley in ancient Hebrew times was about 21 US dry quart or 23 litres. ScripTURE defines this amount a being one tenth of an AIPE (ika "ephah" in Modern Jewish Hebrew):
TS98 AH SHaMUT (Exo) 16:36 And an OMaR is one-tenth of an AIPE [ephah].
The Barley Can Be WILD or CULTIVATED
The barley does not need to be planted deliberately (cultivated) for it to be harvested. It can be wild. The command is to, "bring a sheaf [OMaR] of the first-fruits of your harvest to the priest." (Lev 23:10). The Ancient Hebrew word here for "harvest" is QaTSIR [qatseer] (H7105) and means the "time of severing the plants". The root of this word is "sever". Therefore there is a harvest even if only just one OMaR of wild or cultivated stalks severed.
ScripTURE does not appear to say how many celebrants must each present one OMaR to the priest. This means only one OMaR would be enough on behalf of the entire nation of ISHaRaAL in necessary in a drought.
For more on how years start by finding ABIB barley in the Land of ISHaRaAL please see our group called ABIB Searchers.
An OMaR of Barley Was to Be Brought to the Priest on the Day of BaKURIM
Again, the children of ISHaRaAL were to bring an OMaR of ABIB (aka aviv) barley (Lev 23:10) to the priest, for him to wave and parch with fire in IRUSHaLIM on the Sunday (Anc. Heb. RaASHUN, ika Reeshon) after PaXaCH (Passover/Pesach): along with other offerings. This day of waving the ABIB is commonly called the Day, Festival or Feast of: First-Fruits or Bikkurim (Jewish Hebrew).
The Word "Bikkurim" May Have Just Been "BaKURIM"
The word "bikkurim" may just have been said as BaKURIM [bakureem] (H1061) in Ancient Hebrew. This is because there are no instances in the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) where the letter yod actually appears after the initial letter bet; and the word BaKaR, BaKUE, and BaKURE (all with "BaK" at the start) all can mean "firstfruit" according to the Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible (AHLB#: 2016). This is even though there is a chireq vowel point (for the "I" as in sick sound) on the letter BaT (ika Bet) in WLC, and the Rabbinic Jews write the letter yod instead of vowel-point the bet in their book of the name Bikkurim in the Talmud and Mishnah. There may have just been a default "a" between the BaT and KaP (ika kaph).
Where the Word BaKURIM is FOUND in ScripTURE
The word BaKURIM is found in UIQaRA [ooh-eeh-qarah] (Leviticus) 23:17 when IEUE refers to the wheat loaves as being of the BaKURIM:
TS98 AH UIQaRA (Leviticus) 23:17 ‘Bring from your dwellings for a wave offering two loaves of bread, of two-tenths of an AIPE [ephah] of fine flour they are, baked with leaven, first-fruits [BaKURIM] to IEUE.
The word BaKURIM is also found in the WLC in Leviticus 2:14, 2 Kings 4:42 and NaCHaMIEU (ika Nehemiah) 3:12.
The word BaKURIM is not found though in UIQaRA (Lev) 23:10) when IEUE tells the ISHaRaALites to bring an OMaR of ABIB barley. However the Ancient Hebrew phrase used in Lev 23:10 is "RaASHIT (H7225) QaTSIRaKaM (H7105)" and means "first-of harvest-of you". This implies that the OMaR is to be of the first-fruits (BaKURIM) since the first ancient Hebrew crops were fruits: specifically, grains:
TS98 AH UIQaRA (Leviticus) 23:10 “Speak to the children of ISHaRaAL, and you shall say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I give you, and shall reap its harvest, then you shall bring a OMaR of the first-fruits [RaASHIT] of your harvest [QaTSIRaKaM] to the priest.
More literal scripTURE versions more accurately leave out the word "fruits" and use the more accurate word "harvest" in the same verse:
(LITV) Speak to the sons of Israel, and you shall say to them, When you come in to the land which I am giving to you, and have reaped its harvest, and have brought in the sheaf, or the beginning of your harvest, to the priest,
YLT) `Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, When ye come in unto the land which I am giving to you, and have reaped its harvest, and have brought in the sheaf, the beginning of your harvest unto the priest,
Then TWO WHEAT LOAVES to Be Brought to the Priest on the Day of SHaBUOUT
50 days after the Day of First-Fruits the children of ISHaRaAL were to bring two wheat loaves to the priest along with other offerings.
The 50 Day Count from the first OMaR (Lev 23:16) starts with the Day (Sunday) of the Waving of the first OMaR (Lev 23:15), includes seven regular SHaBaTIM (shabats) (Lev 23:15), and ends with the CHaG (celebration, H2252) (or Day [Sunday] of [Lev 23:16]) E (the): SHaBUOUT [shaboo-oh-oot] (weeks, incorrectly known as Pentecost/Shavuot) (Exo 34:22) and last of the BaKURIM (first-fruits, Lev 23:17).
CHaG E SHaBUOUT was a pilgrimage-festival thanking IEUE for the bounty of first-fruits of their crops.
TS98 AH UIQaRA (Leviticus) 23:17 ‘Bring from your dwellings for a wave offering two loaves of bread, of two-tenths of an AIPE of fine flour they are, baked with leaven, first-fruits [BaKURIM, H1061] to IEUE.
50 Days of REAPING, SIFTING, GRINDING and BAKING GRAIN
Again, the wheat harvest culminated the first of two major harvests in the Land of ancient ISHaRaAL. The first harvest in AprilMay was for hard fruits (grains). For example barley, rye and wheat.
Over the 50 day period of the first harvest farmers were reaping, sifting, grinding and baking grain.
Barley was the first grain crop to ripen, followed by spelt, rye, oats, and finally wheat. http://www.messianic.ws/tongues.htm. These are all called first-fruits.
"At one time the area of the Land of Israel (which includes Lebanon, Jordan, Syria) was an important supplier of wheat to the Ancient World." http://britam.org/now/1345Now.html#Shavuot
The word for "omer" (H6016) in Ancient Hebrew is OMaR. It primarily means the "first (of) many eyes". When applied to a crop it means the "first (of) many fruits" (sheaf) : because grains and other fruits have the same shape as an eye. When applied to people it means the "first (group of a) crowd" (that is, the first resurrection group also called the 144000 and five wise virgins). Grains are a type of fruit scientifically speaking (caryopses)—not nuts or seeds.
Article Last Updated Dec 14, 2010.
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