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Last updated Apr 04, 2015.

Ancient Hebrew days began at sunrise, and they still do. Hebrew "evening" does not mean "night". Ancient Hebrew "day" means "working and attaching mightily", ie "producing vigorously". Ancient Hebrew "night" means "no work, no exertion". Night is not part of the ancient Hebrew day. Ancient Hebrew "evening" means "looking primarily home" ie, "heading home". Old English "evening" means "afternoon", NOT "early night". The passover sacrifice was slaughtered within the grandest afternoon—NOT during post-sunset twilight or dusk. Ancient Hebrew meaning of "morning" is "breaking of daylight". Morning is only first half of ancient Hebrew day. There are shadows in the evening. The evening comes before the night. There are 12 hours in a day. "Tomorrow" means the "time of mighty sunburn". Day-time (IUM) is more often quoted before nighttime (LILE). Morning (PUQaR) is more often quoted before afternoon (ORaB). Other scriptural proof of sunrise day-start. Nighttime is default rest time. IEUE comes first, so light must come first. The fixed order of day then night is just like our covenant with IEUE. Has Genesis been reordered? The danger in latching on from one system to another. Day of Atonement starts at sunrise. Sun worship is no excuse.


Hebrew "Evening" Does not Mean "Night"

YLT Gn 1:5 and ALEIM calleth to the light 'Day,' and to the darkness He hath called 'Night;' and there is an evening, and there is a morning-day one.

In BaRaASHIT (Genesis) people often superimpose their current understanding of, "one day equals 24 hours", and incorrectly assume that the ancient Hebrew "evening" is a "night", and "morning" is "daylight".

The 24 hour a day theory is based on:

12 hours for day (also called morning) and
12 hours for night (also called evening)

However, their interpretation of BaR (Gen) 1:5 is not correct. "Night" is an entirely different word to "evening". The same goes for "morning" and "daytime".

This is what this scripture is far more likely saying:

1) Light = day = 12 hours

2) Darkness = night = 12 hours, and:

3) Morning (6 hours) plus Evening (afternoon) (6 hours) = 12 hours of light (= 1 day)

Mathematically we have:
24 hours = day (12 hours) + night (12 hours)
24 hours = (morning [6 hours]+ evening [6 hours]) + night (12 hours)


Ancient Hebrew "Day" Means "Working and Attaching Mightily", ie "Producing Vigorously"

The word for day is IUM [eeh-oom] or [yoom] (H3117) and means "Working and Attaching Mightily" ie "Producing Vigorously":

I = ID = hand and arm = work

U = UU = tent peg = attach

M = MA = water = mightily


Ancient Hebrew "Night" Means "No Work, No Exertion"

The word for night is LILE [leeleh] (H3915) and means "No Work, No Exertion":

L = LaM = shepherd's staff = bound/yoked/restrained = no

I = ID = hand and arm = work

L = LaM = shepherd's staff = bound/yoked/restrained = no

E = EA = main with arms raised = (heavy) breathing

What don't we do at night? Work, exert our bodies and speak a lot.

We cannot speak without breathing either in or out. Vocal chords vibrate when we pass air across them. When we sleep we don't speak at all.


Night is Not Part of the Ancient Hebrew Day

We cannot work and attach mightily when we stop work, exertion and sleep, therefore the ancient Hebrew night was not part of their day.

The Greeks understood this (they were of Hebrew stock/bloodline/background anyway). They only had one word for "day", and this was often used in conjunction and in contrast with the night. There will be more to come later on this.


Ancient Hebrew "Evening" Means "Looking Primarily Home" ie, "Heading Home"

The word for evening is ORaB (H6153) and means "Heading Home".

O = ON = eye = looking

R = RaASH = man's head = first, top beginning, primarily

B = BaT = tent floor plan = home

So ORaB means to head home. When do we head home? In the afternoon., ie in the daylight.

Also "ORaB" can mean, "eyes starting (to go) inside", ie "eyes starting to close". When we get tired in the afternoon we can become sleepy, especially after a hard-day's work outside.

Therefore night does not equal evening in BaRaASHIT (Genesis). Even if the evening has been written before the morning. The order is irrelevant. It may have been changed, it may not have, by the Rabbis. The bottom line is evening and night are not the same.


Old English "Evening" Means "Afternoon", NOT "Early Night"

Our modern English definition of the word "evening" is early night, but in old English the word actually meant afternoon (the six hours from 12 pm to 6 pm).

The Old English word for "evening" was, "æfnung" http://www.freelang.net/online/old_english.php?lg=gb. This was said as "af-noong". "Af-noong" sounds very much like "afternoon". The "ae" sound is just a modern English "ah" sound, and the "u" was an "ooh" sound.

The Online Etymology Dictionary confirms that the word "evening" primarily comes from the Old English word "aefnung" -

"Evening - from O.E. verb æfnung "grow toward evening," from æfnian "become evening," from æfen "evening" (see eve). As a synonym of even (n.), it dates from c.1440 and now entirely replaces the older word in this sense. Another O.E. noun for "evening" was cwildtid." http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=evening&searchmode=none

Also the word "afternoon" is only mentioned in the KJV once. This is an extremely low usage of a word for such a commonly referred-to time-period. This means that the KJV translators must have used another word for ORaB (afternoon). This word was "evening". There is no other word in the KJV (or similar translations) that was used for ORaB apart from "evening".

The place the word "afternoon" is found in the KJV is SHUPaTHIM (Judges) 19:8. Here a certain LUIte (Levite) went looking to find his runaway concubine wife. The LUIte was at his father-in-law's for four days and on the fourth day the LUIte was there until "afternoon":

SHUPaTHIM (Judges) 19:8 (AV) And he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart: and the damsel's father said, Comfort thine heart, I pray thee. And they tarried until afternoon, and they did eat both of them.

The word "afternoon" here is translated from the Ancient Hebrew phrase "NaTHUT [nathoot] (H 5186) E IUM [eh eeh-oom] (H3117). NaTHUT means "to decline of" or "spread" (AHLB#: 1308-H (V)). "E IUM" means "the day". So overall we get "to decline of the day", or "spreading of the day". The Concordant Literal Version translates it as "turning of the day". This indicates not so much as a block of time as the word ORaB refers to, but more to the progression of time.

The next verse (verse nine) further confirms this "progression of time" meaning of "NaTHUT E IUM". Verse nine says that the LUIte was asked by his father-in-law to stay another night (LILE). This was because, "the day draweth toward evening ("RaPE E IUM L ORaB")" and "the day groweth to an end (CHaNUT E IUM)":

SHUPaTHIM (Judges) 19:9 (AV) And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.

"RaPE (H7503) E IUM L ORaB" means "he (the day) laxes the day to to be afternoon of". "CHaNUT (H2583) E IUM" means "to camp of the day". Both of these phrases indicate the progression of the day or afternoon, and not just the day or afternoon alone.

In conclusion, "NaTHUT E IUM" meant "the progression of the day" or "the progression of the afternoon", but it was NOT just the "afternoon".


The Passover Sacrifice was Slaughtered Within the Grandest Afternoon—Not During Twilight or Dusk

IEUE told the people of ISHaRaAL through MaSHE (Moses) to sacrifice a lamb or goat within the grandest afternoon (after noon and before sunset)—not during post-sunset twilight or dusk; "The congregation of ISHaRaAL shall kill it 'BIN E ORaBIM'". BIN E ORaBIM (bein ha'arabayim) means "within the grandest afternoon"—not "between the evenings". BIN means within. E Means the. ORaBIM means grandest afternoon. ORaBIM is a plural of quality not number. The ancient Hebrews Had two kinds of plural: of number and quality. The afternoon of 14th Day of the Month of ABIB is the grandest! The final redemptive Lamb IEUESHUO died at the ninth hour (03:00 pm)—within the grandest afternoonnot at twilight or dusk! Post-Sunset twilight is the time between sunset and dusk—it is not in the afternoon. Dusk is the moment twilight ends and the darkness of the night-time starts—it is not in the afternoon either. Judaistic Jews reject IEUESHUO as their MaSHICH and His afternoon death: their common interpretation of BIN E ORaBIM cannot be trusted...Read much more on this


Ancient Hebrew Meaning of "Morning" is "Breaking of Daylight"

Benner in the AHLB indicates that the adopted (younger than a parent or child root: usually used by IEUDIM [Jews] in more recent times than ancient—could be called "Jewish Roots") root word BQR (H1242) should be PUQR (with a P) (AHLB#: 2035 (g)).

PUQaR means "breaking of daylight" as a herdsman (also called a PUQaR) breaks/crushes the heads of grain with his cattle in the morning (AHLB).

PUQaR does not mean sunrise because there is another word for that and it takes longer than the length of the period of dawn for the cattle to tread grain. The cattle start work just after sunrise.


Morning is only First Half of Ancient Hebrew Day

Ancient Hebrew threshing and ploughing was only done in the morning, so "morning" cannot equal "day". It got too hot for the animals (and humans) at midday and throughout the afternoon in the Land of ISHaRaAL, in those times. Also the soil was damper in the morning and it made the soil easier to plough.


There are Shadows in the Evening

ORaB means the time of shadows, not complete darkness. IRaMIEU (Jeremiah) the prophet said that there are shadows in the evening:

Jer 6:4 (The Scriptures '98+) “Set apart battle against her. Arise, and let us go up at noon. Woe to us, for the day goes away, for the shadows of the evening [ORaB] are lengthening.


The evening is therefore period from noon (sun highest) to sunset, ie the afternoon.

The confusion arises because people automatically equate "evening" (ORaB, H6153) with "night" (LILE, H3915), because they have rightly equated "day" with light.

The light period however, the IUM (day), is comprised of both IUM (day) and ORaB (evening). The LILE on the other hand is the night and is the period of darkness.

In other words one day is only 12 hours long.

In the new IRUSHaLIM (Jerusalem) in the future at the time we normally have evening (noon to sunset) we will get light instead:

Zch 14:7 And one day shall come, it shall be known to IEUE, not day [sunrise to sunset] and not night [sunset to sunrise], and it comes that at eventide [evening, the afternoon] there shall come light.


The Evening Comes Before the Night

AV Dt 23:11 But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash [himself] with water: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp [again].


There are 12 Hours in a Day

In the Fourth Commandment (of the ten) it says "Six days will you labour and do all of your work" Exo 20:8-11.

How many hours are there in a day? IEUESHUO, our Master Prophet said there were 12:

Joh 11:9 IEUESHUO answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world.

Before looking at a "day" in the TURE (Torah), I would like to discuss its use in the MaSHICHanic scripTUREs (scripture means script-Torah).

The only word used for day in the MaSHICHanic scripTUREs (NT, Westcott-Hort 1881) is the Greek word "hemera" (G2250). There is also the word "today" which is "semeron" (G4594), but this is derived from "hemera".

Here is Strong's definition of the word "hemera"

G2250
ἡμέρα
hēmera
hay-mer'-ah
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι hēmai (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context): - age, + alway, (mid-) day (by day, [-ly]), + for ever, judgment, (day) time, while, years.

Strong primarily says here that the day is the time space between dawn and dark.

He then states that "several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes". However this would only be because there can't be two days (periods of daylight) unless there is a night between them.

Luke said that at the beginning of the day IEUESHUO went out to a solitary place. This scripture alone should make us seriously question the Rabbinic sunset day start:

CLV Lk 4:42 Now at the COMING OF DAY, coming out, He went into a desolate place. And the throngs sought for Him, and they came to Him and detained Him, so as not to be going from them.

IEUESHUO also had a habit of walking up the mountain in the dark to pray, before the day started:

CLV Lk 6:12 Now it occurred in these days that He came out into the mountain to pray, and throughout the night He was in the prayer of God.

CLV Lk 6:13 And when it became day [hemera] He shouts to His disciples, and chooses from them twelve, whom He names apostles also


"Tomorrow" Means the "Time of Mighty Sunburn"

The word for tomorrow is MaCHaRaT - Strongs #4283: AHLB#: 1181-A (a2).

It means "(the time of) mighty burning" ie when people go outside and get hot in the desert sun, to the point of burning." CHaR means "burn"—exactly as it does in English! (over 90% of English words are Hebre derived). When we combine M and T with CHaR we get: "Mighty BURN (Char) Mark"

Burning CANNOT occur at night.

M = MA = water = mighty

H = CHaTS = wall = outside

R = RaASH = man's head = man

T = TA = two crossed sticks = mark

Another word closely linked is "MaCHaR", which just means "mighty burn". It is also translated as "tomorrow" or "later". Strongs #4279: AHLB#: 1181-A (a) Later: [freq. 52] |kjv: tomorrow, time to come| {str: 4279}.


Daytime (IUM) is More Often Quoted Before Night-time (LILE) in Scripture

"It is also interesting to note that the phrase “night and day” appears 13 times in Scripture, yet the phrase “day and night” appears 28 times (twice as many). The order of "day" preceding "night" in Scripture is used 84 times compared to only 19 of the opposite (over four times as many).When determining a set period of time (e.g. "forty days and forty nights" which appears 11 times) the Scriptures always use the order of day and night." http://www.2besaved.com/2BSDayStart.html


Some Pre-MaSHICHanic (Old[er] Testament) ScripTUREs Showing Day Before Night

Gen 1:16 And ALEIM made two great lights: the greater light to rule the DAY[IUM], and the lesser light to rule the NIGHT [LILE], and the stars.

Gen 1:18 and to rule over the DAY [IUM] and over the NIGHT [LILE], and to separate the light from the darkness. And ALEIM saw that it was good.

Gen 19:33 So they made their father drink wine that NIGHT [LILE]. And the first-born went in and lay with her father, and he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she arose. Gen 19:34 And it came to be on the NEXT-DAY [MaHaRaT] that the first-born said to the younger, “See, I lay with my father LAST NIGHT [LILE]. Let us make him drink wine tonight as well, and you go in and lie with him, so that we keep the seed of our father.”

 

Concerning this verse:

 

"All the incestuous events of Gen. 19:33 occur on "that night." However, the recounting of the events of the previous night actually occurred "on the morrow" (Gen. 19:34). Also note that the dialogue between the daughters of Lot "on the morrow" (Gen. 19:34) occurred before nightfall ("that night also", Gen. 19:35), and yet what occurred the night before (Gen. 19:33) and what occurred the day after (before nightfall) are reckoned as two different days ("the morrow", Gen. 19:34). This chain of events can only be reckoned as two separate days if the following morning begins a new day. If the previous evening begins a new day (as the evening view affirms), then one could not refer to the following morning and afternoon (before night) as "the morrow." For the previous night, the next morning, and the next afternoon (before night) would all be the same day and not two separate days." http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

Exo 10:13 And MaSHE [Moses] stretched out his rod over the land of MaTSaRIM [Egypt], and יהוה brought an east wind on the land all that DAY [IUM] and all that NIGHT [LILE]. MORNING [PUQaR] came, and the east wind brought the locusts.

Exo 16:22 And it came to be, on the sixth DAY [IUM], that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told MaSHE.
Exo 16:23 And he said to them, “This is what יהוה has said, ‘Tomorrow is a rest, a SHaBaT set-apart to יהוה. That which you bake, bake; and that which you cook, cook. And lay up for yourselves all that is left over, to keep it UNTIL MORNING [PUQaR].’ ”
Exo 16:24 And they laid it up TILL MORNING [PUQaR], as MaSHE commanded. And it did not stink, and no worm was in it.
Exo 16:25 And MaSHE said, “Eat it TODAY [E IUM], for today is a SHaBaT to יהוה, today you do not find it in the field.
Exo 16:26 “Gather it six DAYS [IMIM], but on the SEVENTH DAY [IUM], WHICH IS THE SHaBaT, THERE IS NONE.”
Exo 16:27 And it came to be that some of the people went out on the seventh DAY [IUM] to gather, but they found none.

The above passage is significant because it actually refers to the weekly SHaBaT. In preparing for the SHaBaT, IEUE commanded ISHaRaAL to gather twice as much manna on the morning of the sixth day because they were not to gather manna at all on the seventh day (Ex. 16:22, 26). On the sixth day, MaSHE (Moses) declared, "Tomorrow is the rest of the set-apart SHaBaT unto the LORD" (Ex. 16:23). When is "tomorrow"? That same night or the following morning? The text makes it clear that they were to bake and to boil all that they needed for food on that same day (the sixth day), and the manna they did not need for that day would be preserved from spoiling until the next morning (unlike other days, cf. Ex. 16:19-20). MaSHE states what is to be done with the manna that did not spoil on the morning of the seventh day: "Eat that today, for today is a SHaBaT unto IEUE; today ye shall not find it in the field" (Ex. 16:25). The text does not indicate that leftover manna bred worms or became spoiled immediately before sunset on the sixth day (which would be the beginning of a new day according to the evening view), but rather that all leftover manna became spoiled before morning. Why? Because morning was the beginning of a new day. It is also significant to note that the text does not associate the start of the SHaBaT with the sunset, but rather Moses declared, "Tomorrow is the rest of the set-apart SHaBaT" (Ex. 16:23). The "tomorrow" when the SHaBaT began was the following morning (Ex. 16:23). On the morning of the seventh day MaSHE stated, "Today is a SHaBaT unto IEUE" (16:25). There is no indication that the SHaBaT began the night before. Is there even one example in scripTURE where "tomorrow" refers to the night that immediately follows the morning and afternoon that precedes it? I have not yet found such a passage.
http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

Num 11:32 And the people were up all that DAY [IUM], and all that NIGHT [LILE], and all the next DAY [IUM], and gathered the quail. He who has least gathered ten ḥomers. And they spread them out for themselves all around the camp.

“That day” belongs to “that night”, and then the “next day” comes.

Jos 7:6 And IEUESHUO [Son of NUN] tore his garments, and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of יהוה until EVENING [ORaB], both he and the elders of ISHaRaAL, and they put dust on their heads....
Jos 7:10 And יהוה said to IEUESHUO, “Rise up! Why are you lying on your face?...
Jos 7:13 “Rise up, set the people apart, and you shall say, ‘Set yourselves apart for TOMORROW [MaHaR = Later, tomorrow], because thus said יהוה ALEIM of ISHaRaAL, “That which is under the ban is in your midst, O ISHaRaAL. You are not able to stand before your enemies until you put away that which is under the ban out of your midst.”...
Jos 7:14 ‘And YOU SHALL BE BROUGHT NEAR in the MORNING [PUQaR], according to your tribes. And it shall be, the tribe which יהוה takes comes according to clans. And the clan which יהוה takes comes by households. And the household which יהוה takes comes by men.

CLV Jdg 19:9 And the man rises to go, he and his concubine, and his young man, and his father-in-law, father of the young woman, said to him, `Lo, I pray you, THE DAY HAS FALLEN TOWARD EVENING [ORaB], lodge (all night), I pray you; lo, the declining of the day! lodge here, and let your heart be glad--and you have RISEN EARLY TOMORROW [MaHaR] for your journey, and you have gone to your tent.' [Rising "early tomorrow" implies the start of the day being morning]

1Sa 19:10 and Sha’ul sought to smite the spear through DUIḎ, and into the wall, but he slipped away from the presence of Sha’ul, so he smote the spear into the wall. And DUIḎ fled and escaped that NIGHT.
1Sa 19:11 And Sha’ul sent messengers to DUIḎ’s house to watch him and to put him to death in the morning. And Miḵal, DUIḎ’s wife, informed him, saying, “If you do not save your life TONIGHT [in the LILE], TOMORROW [MaHaR] you are put to death.”

It was already “night” when Mikal told DUID [David] to flee for “in the morning”, or “tomorrow” he was to be killed, so a day cannot begin at evening. This text distinguishes between two days: "tonight" and "tomorrow" (which according to the text is the following "morning"). Again, if a new day begins in the night, one would expect Mikal to have said, "If you do not save your life tonight, today in the morning you will be dead." To the contrary she refers to the following morning as "tomorrow." http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

1Sa 28:8 And Sha’ul disguised himself and put on other garments, and went, he and two men with him. And they came to the woman by NIGHT [LILE]. And he said, “Please divine for me, and bring up for me the one I shall name.”...
1Sa 28:11 And the woman said, “Whom do I bring up for you?” So he said, “Bring up SHaMUAL for me.” ...
1Sa 28:16 Then SHaMUAL said, “And why do you ask me, seeing יהוה has turned aside from you and has become your enemy?...
1Sa 28:19 “Further, יהוה also gives ISHaRaAL with you into the hand of the Philistines. And TOMORROW [MaHaR] you and your sons are with me. יהוה also gives the army of ISHaRaAL into the hand of the Philistines.”

If Sha'ul came at “night” how could he fight the Philistines “tomorrow”?

1Sa 30:17 And DUIḎ smote them from twilight until the EVENING [ORaB] of the NEXT DAY [MaHaRaT]. And none of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on camels and fled.

2Sa 24:13 Gaḏ then came to DUIḎ and informed him. And he said to him, “Should seven years of scarcity of food come to you in your land? Or would you flee three months before your enemies, while they pursue you? Or should there be three DAYS’ [IMIM] plague in your land? Now know and see what answer I take back to Him who sent me.”
2Sa 24:14 And DUIḎ said to Gaḏ, “I am in great trouble. Please let us fall into the hand of יהוה, for His compassion is great, but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”
2Sa 24:15 And יהוה sent a plague upon ISHaRaAL from the MORNING [PUQaR] till the appointed time, and from Dan to BaAR SHaBO seventy thousand men of the people died.

The “three day” plague started in the “morning”, not at night

Jon 4:6 And יהוה ALEIM appointed a plant and made it come up over IUNE [Jonah], to be a shade for his head to deliver him from his discomfort. And IUNE greatly rejoiced over the plant.
Jon 4:7 But AS MORNING-DAWNED [Ba OLUT E SHaHaR] the NEXT DAY [MaHaRaT] ALEIM appointed a worm which attacked the plant so that it withered.

This passage identifies the following morning as "the next day." I have been unable to find even one text that would speak in a similar fashion of the "next day" beginning at sunset that immediately follows morning and afternoon (e.g. "at the sunset of the next day").

Zec 14:7 And it shall be one DAY [IUM] which is known to יהוה, neither DAY [IUM] nor NIGHT [LILE], but at EVENING [ORaB] time there shall be light.


Some MaCHICHanic (New[er] Testament) ScripTUREs Showing Day Before Night

Mat 28:1 Now AFTER THE SHaBaT, toward dawn on the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK, MaRIM from Maḡdala and the other MARIM came to see the tomb.

Mat 28:1 (ALT) Now after [the] Sabbaths, at the dawning into [the] first [day] of the week [i.e. early Sunday morning], Mary the Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the grave.

Mar 16:2 (Scriptures 98) And VERY EARLY on the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK, they came to the tomb when the SUN HAD RISEN.

Luk 24:1 And on the FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK, AT EARLY DAWN, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared.

Joh 6:16 And WHEN EVENING CAME, His taught ones went down to the sea,
Joh 6:17 and entering into the boat, they were going over the sea toward Kephar Naḥum. And IT HAD ALREADY BECOME DARK, and IEUESHUO had not yet come to them.
Joh 6:18 And the sea was rising because a great wind was blowing.
Joh 6:19 When they had rowed about five or six kilometres, they saw IEUESHUO walking on the sea and coming near the boat, and they were afraid.
Joh 6:20 And He said to them, “It is I, do not be afraid.”
Joh 6:21 They wished therefore to take Him into the boat, and at once the boat was at the land where they were going.
Joh 6:22 On the NEXT DAY, the crowd that was standing on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other boat there except that one into which His taught ones had entered, and that IEUESHUO had not entered the boat with His taught ones, but His taught ones went away alone
[the crowd came along in the morning, not at nighttime while the great wind was blowing]

Act 4:3 And they arrested them, and put them in jail until the NEXT DAY, for it was already EVENING.

Again dark, then the "next day".

IEUESHUO says that the kingdom of ALEIM is like when a man sows a seed that will sprout and grow, whether or not it's night or day, whether he sleeps or gets up. He indicates that resting is done at night, and rising is done at day.YLT Mk 4:26 And he said, 'Thus is the reign of God: as if a man may cast the seed on the earth, YLT Mk 4:27 and may sleep, and may rise night and day [hemera], and the seed spring up and grow, he hath not known how;

Having the night as the first part of a "day" (or 12 or 24 hours) seems to be a reversal of many of IEUESHUO's parables which He describes Himself and us as “light of the world” (Jn 8:12, Jn 9:5, Jn 12:46, etc.). We should “walk in the light” and “not in darkness” (Jn 8:12, Jn 11:9-10, Jn 12:35, Jn 9:4, etc.) Many of the New Covenant letters likewise use similar parables. 1 Thessalonians 5:5 - "You are all sons of light and sons of the day. We are not of the night nor of darkness." See also: Rom 13:12-13, Eph 5:8, 1Thess 5:7-8.

Moreover when IEUESHUO returns for the second time in His day he will come as lightning and flashing, that is in lots of light. If the day starts at sunset then he can't come in His day because it will be dark. CLV Lk 17:24 For even as the lightning, flashing out from here under heaven to there under heaven, is shining, thus will be the Son of Mankind in His day.

The third hour of the day was about 9:00 am, not 9:00 pm. CLV Ac 2:15 for these are not |drunk, as you' |take it, for it is the third hour of the day.

SHAUL was scrutinised "day" and "night" CLV Ac 9:24 Yet known to *Saul is their *plot. Now they scrutinized~ the gates also, both by day [hemera] and by night, so that they may be assassinating him.

Act 16:9 And IN THE NIGHT a vision appeared to Sha’ul: A man of Makedonia was standing, begging him and saying, “Come over to Makedonia and help us.”
Act 16:10 And when he saw the vision, IMMEDIATELY we sought to go to Makedonia, concluding that the Master had called us to bring the Good News to them.
Act 16:11 Therefore, sailing from Troas, we ran a straight course to Samothrake, and the NEXT DAY came to Neapolis,

The next day followed the night yet again.

Re 7:15 Therefore they are sight of before the throne of *ALEIM and are offering divine service to Him day and night in His *temple. And He *Who is sitting~ on the throne will be tabernacling on/over them.

To Top it all Off

Mat 12:40 “For as IUNE [Yonah] was three DAYS and three NIGHTS in the stomach of the great fish, so shall the Son of Aḏam be three DAYS and three NIGHTS in the heart of the earth.

IEUE says himself that as long as the Earth remains day and night (in that order) shall not cease.

Gen 8:22 as long as the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and winter and summer, and DAY and NIGHT shall not cease.”

In summary, the only word "day" in scripture is almost aways quoted before "night". Also the word "day" is very often used in conjunction with, and in contrast with "night".


Morning (PUQaR) is More Often Quoted Before Afternoon (ORaB)

Exo 18:13 And it came to be, on the NEXT DAY [MaHaRaT], that MaSHE sat to rightly rule the people. And the people stood before MaSHE from MORNING [PUQaR] until EVENING [ORaB].

CLV Lv 6:20 This is the approach present of Aaron and his sons which they shall bring near to Yahweh on the DAY [IUM] of his anointing: A tenth of an ephah of flour as an approach present continually, half of it in the MORNING [PUQaR] and half of it in the EVENING [ORaB].

Some versions translate the word "ORaB" here which means "evening" into "night". This is incorrect and unfounded because almost all of the time the word ORaB is translated as "evening". This clearly shows these versions (including Scriptures 98) have bias towards a 24-hour day.

Lev 7:15 ‘As for the flesh of the slaughtering of his peace offering for thanksgiving, it is eaten the same DAY [IUM] it is offered, he does not leave any of it until MORNING [PUQaR].

How can we eat our peace offering "the same day" and "not leave any of it till morning" if our day starts at night?

The following morning cannot be accounted the same day as the previous evening for all of the peace offering must be eaten "the same day" it is offered and none of it can be eaten the following morning (Lev. 7:15). Why? Because the following morning is a new day. If a new day begins at sunset, one would expect that the text should say that the peace offering must be eaten "the same day" and none of it left until "sunset". http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

"The phrase, "the evening and the morning", (and similar expressions) occurs in Gen. 1:5,8,13,19, 23, 31; Ex. 27:21; Lev. 24:3; Num. 9:21; Ps. 55:17 and Dan. 8:14,26. http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

However, the phrase, "the morning and the evening", (or similar expressions) occurs slightly more: Ex. 18:13,14; 1 Sam. 17:16; 1 Chron. 16:40; 2 Chron. 2:4; 2 Chron. 13:11; 2 Chron. 31:3; Ezra 3:3; Job 4:20; Ps. 65:8; Is. 21:12; Is. 28:19; and Acts 28:23. http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm


Other Scriptural Proof of Sunrise Day-Start

Exo 32:5 And AERaN saw and built an altar before it. And AERaN called out and said, “TOMORROW [MaHaR = H 4279 = "Later"] is a festival to יהוה.” Exo 32:6 And they ROSE EARLY on the NEXT DAY [MaHaRaT], and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

AERaN said “tomorrow” is a festival and the “next day” they “rose early”. We don't RISE at night.


Nighttime is Default Rest Time

So, nighttime then, is by default, a time of rest. Most of us don't work all night. We would be exhausted. Our bodies naturally want to sleep in the dark. Our eyes have receptors in them that can sense light through our eyelids and the drop in temperature at night inhibits activity. Muscles function best when warm. IEUE has built-in an aversion to night work into our bodies, from the beginning of creation. Ask anyone who's been sleep deprived. Its much worse than food deprivation, and is a sure recipe for torture to the delight of certain evil people.

IEUESHUO said that no work can be done at night:

 

CLV Jn 9:4 I must be working the works of Him Who sends Me while it is day. Coming is the night, when no one can work.

We are thus commanded to work six days (during the sunlight hours,) if possible, and rest on the seventh period of 12 hours of daylight. The six days are all of the time of the week that falls between sun-up to sun-down. The seven nights are for rest.

If we were meant to work at night, the Sun would shine at night!

I (Jane) admit that I work sometimes during part of the night. Perhaps I shouldn't though (!) I've read studies that say we're all suffering from an overdose of artificial light. Either way if I was commanded to labour throughout the entire night from IEUE, then I'm afraid I would really struggle to keep that command!

Of course we don't all live the the Land of ISHaRaAL, where there is 12 hours of daylight, so in our scattered state we don't all get the same number of daylight hours today as IEUESHUO did. These extremes of sun and darkness are part of our punishment. However, the scriptural definition of a "day" is still 12 hours, and almost all health specialists would agree, 12 hours of work per day should be the maximum amount of work we should do to maintain good health.

Personally, I noticed that during my sunset to sunset phase my body was reluctant to start the first day (of work) on Saturday night. After I had rested throughout the daylight hours of Saturday, I didn't feel like working on Saturday night. I felt I was failing IEUE by not being able to be very productive that evening.

Most of us have more energy in the morning (at some stage of it) than at sunset. It makes only sense to start work and start the day when we are refreshed.


IEUE Comes First, So Light Must Come First

Just as IEUE shines light in our minds, to begin our understanding, so also He created light in the beginning, to commence the beginning of a day.

IEUESHUO confirms this when he compares the light of IEUE's understanding to the sunlight of the day:

Joh 11:9 IEUESHUO answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world.
Joh 11:10 “But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.”

In addition, the word "new-day" is synonymous for a new start, or a new beginning, in many cultures. This is especially the case in the cultures of the long lost tribes of ISHaRaAL (western countries, excluding the relatively smaller (Orthodox Jewish, anti-IEUESHUO) state of Israel).

Lam 3:22 The kindnesses of יהוה! For we have not been consumed, For His compassions have not ended.Lam 3:23 They are new every MORNING [PUQaRIM], Great is Your trustworthiness.

“New every morning”, because morning is a new DAY!

Peter said that the prophetic word is like the break (beginning of a) of day: a sunrise. CLV 2Pt 1:19 And we are having the prophetic word more confirmed, which you, doing ideally, are heeding (as to a lamp appearing in a dingy place, till which the day should be breaking and the morning star should be rising) in your hearts,


The Fixed Order of Day then Night is Just Like Our Covenant with IEUE

The order of day (IUM) then night (LILE) is so important that IEUE compares our covenant with Him like the FIXED order (season) of day THEN night:

Jer 33:20 “Thus said יהוה, ‘If you could break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that there be not DAY and NIGHT IN THEIR SEASON, Jer 33:21 then My covenant could also be broken with DUIḎ My servant – so that he shall not have a son to reign upon his throne – and with the LUIM (Levites), the priests, My attendants.

Jer 33:25 “Thus said יהוה, ‘If My covenant is not with DAY and NIGHT, and if I have not appointed the laws of the heavens and earth, Jer 33:26 then I WOULD ALSO REJECT THE DESCENDANTS of IOQaB (Jacob) and DUIḎ My servant, so that I should not take of his descendants to be rulers over the descendants of ABaREM, ITSaHaQ, and IOQaḆ. For I shall turn back their captivity, and have compassion on them.’

The lying scribes will come under harsh punishment if they have mislead us that night-time [LILE] comes before day-time [IUM]. IEUE'S promises are as fixed and the order (season) of day and night. Any attack on this order is an attack on this promise (of our return to the Land of ISHaRaAL) of IEUE.


Genesis Has Been Reordered

BaRaSHIT (Genesis) could have been re-ordered to suit the sopherim (scribes) of IEUDIM (Judah) who worshipped the darkness, the moon and the nighttime (in other words SHaTHaN) during their exile in Babylon. Putting the evening before the morning meant that they were putting the AL (god) of the shadows first, instead of the ALEIM of the increasing light (IEUE). Therefore once BaRaASHIT could have said 'morning then evening (afternoon)', ie one (12 hour day), but the scribes changed it to 'evening then morning' (even when allowing for reversed Hebrew syntax). For more about evil scribes see Scribes and Calligraphers - The Elite and Yah the Pagan Moon God

The order of "day then night" does not fit the order of "evening then morning" (in Gen 1:5). If these two pairs of words were related (light = morning and night = evening), the order would be "day then night", then "morning then evening" - ie both pairs of words would be chronological.

As previously stated, the phrase, "the evening and the morning", (and similar expressions) occurs in Gen. 1:5,8,13,19, 23, 31; Ex. 27:21; Lev. 24:3; Num. 9:21; Ps. 55:17 and Dan. 8:14,26. http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

However, the phrase, "the morning and the evening", (or similar expressions) occurs slightly more: Ex. 18:13,14; 1 Sam. 17:16; 1 Chron. 16:40; 2 Chron. 2:4; 2 Chron. 13:11; 2 Chron. 31:3; Ezra 3:3; Job 4:20; Ps. 65:8; Is. 21:12; Is. 28:19; and Acts 28:23. http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

There appears to be just a few more "day then night" references than "night than day". This inconsistency indicates that somewhere along the line one order has been changed to the other, because we are old that there is an absolute order of day and night, that is like a covenant. This would be to mislead people into thinking that evening (afternoon) comes before morning night-time comes before day-time. This in turn can mislead people into believing than the night-time comes before the day-time. Remember evening does NOT mean night and the morning is only the first half of the IUM (day).

The phrase, "night and day", (and similar expressions) occurs in 1 Sam. 25:16; 1 Kgs. 8:29; Est. 4:16; Ps. 19:2; Ps. 91:5; Is. 27:3; Is. 34:10; Jer. 14:17; Mk. 4:27; Mk. 5:5; Lk. 2:37; Acts 20:31; Acts 26:7; 2 Cor. 11:25; 1 Thess. 2:9; 1 Thess. 3:10; 2 Thess. 3:8; 1 Tim. 5:5; 2 Tim. 1:3. http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

Whereas the phrase, "day and night", (or similar expressions) occurs MANY MORE times in Gen. 1:18; Gen. 7:4; Gen. 8:22; Gen. 31:39,40; Ex.10:13; Ex. 13:21,22; Ex. 24:18; Ex. 34:28; Lev. 8:35; Num. 9:21; Deut. 9:9,11,18,25; Deut. 10:10; Deut. 28:66; Josh. 1:8; 1 Sam. 30:12; 2 Sam. 21:10; 1 Kgs. 8:59; 1 Kgs. 19:8; 1 Chron. 9:33; 2 Chron. 6:20; Neh. 1:6; Neh. 4:9; Neh. 9:12,19; Job 2:13; Ps. 1:2; Ps. 32:4; Ps. 42:3; Ps. 55:10; Ps. 74:16; Ps. 88:1; Ps. 121:6; Ps. 136:8-9; Eccl. 8:16; Is. 28:19; Is. 38:12,13; Is. 60:11; Is. 62:6; Jer. 9:1; Jer. 16:13; Jer. 33:20,25; Lam. 2:18; Jonah 1:17; Zech. 14:7; Mt. 4:2; Lk. 18:7; Acts 9:24; Rev. 4:8; Rev. 7:15; Rev. 12:10; Rev. 14:11; Rev. 20:10.http://www.reformedpresbytery.org/books/sabbath/sabbath.htm

Yes, there are phrases that state night then day, but this just indicates that the SCRIBES HAVE BEEN FIDDLING around with the Word.


The Danger in Latching on from One System to Another

A lot of people who have come out from Christianity who were once honouring the first day of the week rather than the seventh, now look to the State of Israel and IEUDIM (Jews) because the ex-Christians think these IEUDIM are keeping, and have preserved the First Covenant to the letter.

However, what we really find is that many IEUDIM of today have their own traditions which, according to Talmud, are above scripTURE. There are some traditions within Judaism that are inherited from pagan nations that they were assimilated into during the exile in Babylon.

Some of these traditions include: naming months after false “gods” (Tammuz, Nisan, Siwan); the replacement of the Paleo Hebrew alphabet with Elephantine Aramaic, Nabataean Aramaic, Palmyrenean Aramaic, Qumran Hebrew and finally the square script modern Hebrew alphabet; and last but not least the MOST EVIL practise of replacing the Name of IEUE with alternatives like “Adonai”, Ha Shem, Most High, etc. If they had the cheek to add unnecessary and perverted vowel-pointings on IEUE’s Name then we cannot rule out them swapping the position of two words, doctoring or inserting a few scripTUREs throughout the TURE.

IEUESHUO himself saved some of His most scathing rebukes for the “experts” in the TURE (Torah).

ScripTURE declares itself that a certain number of scribes of IEUDIM have worked falsehood.

Jer 8:8 “How do you say, ‘We are wise, and the TURE of IEUE with us’? But look, THE FALSE PEN OF THE SCRIBE HAS WORKED FALSEHOOD.

Jer 23:16 Thus said IEUE of hosts, “Do not listen to the words of the prophets who prophesy to you, they lead you astray. THEY SPEAK A VISION OF THEIR OWN HEART, NOT FROM THE MOUTH OF IEUE.

It should come as no surprise therefore that these Pharisees/Sopherim have not been able to resist the temptation to change the written word of IEUE to match their oral laws.


Day of Atonement Starts at Sunrise Day Ten

There is evidence that Leviticus 23:32 has also been doctored, or was inserted (at worst). This means the Day of Atonement does not actually start on the ninth day of the month, but instead starts at sunrise on day ten.

For more see Day of Atonement Starts at Sunrise.


Sun Worship is No Excuse

Some use the excuse that starting the day in the morning is based on sun worship. However the same can be said about a sunset-start being based on moon worship. Moon worship is equally as ancient as sun worship. The lying scribes of IEUDE probably adopted a reverence for the moon and hence an affinity with a sunset day-start since the Babylonians revered the moon more than the sun. This was apparently because the moon was more "mysterious" at night.


In Conclusion

Days start at sunrise. Most references to "day" and "night", place the "day" (daylight) before the "night". This alone should cause alarm bells to ring in any believers mind, as to when a period of 24 hours starts. Also "night" doesn't even mean "evening", and "day" doesn't even mean "morning", so to use Genesis and a few other odd (and contradictory) verses as a foundation for a sunset day-start is completely flawed.


References

A Case for the 12 Hour Sabbath

When Does The Sabbath Begin? Morning or Evening?

The Start of Shabbat


Extra #1: The MaSHICH Was In the Grave Three Days AND Three Nights - Not Three 24-Hour- Long Days

Most of the scriptures referring to the time of IEUESHUO's time in the grave say only that it was for "three days" (these are Greek scriptures that use the word "hemera" for the word "day").

However, there are two Bible verses which say "three days and three nights": one in the New Testament and one in the Old - they are linked.

Matthew 12:40 has the Greek word "hemeras" for the word "day". It also has the Greek word for night which is "nuktas" (G3571). Therefore it is implied here that the day here does not include the night.

Similarly Jonah 1:17 says, "But יהוה appointed a great fish to swallow IUNE (Jonah). And IUNE was in the stomach of the fish three days (IMIM, H3117) and three nights (LILUT, H3915)."

From these verse we can see that the Greeks had two different words for two different time periods—just like in the Hebrew. There was the daylight hours (one period) and the nighttime hours (another period).

So when it say for "three days" (only) IEUESHUO was buried that means He was buried for three daylight periods (three IUMs [IMIM] or days) with default nighttime periods after each day. Iit does not mean that one day was equal to 24 hours.


Extra #2: We Should Try Not to Work On Friday Night - But Only Because We Shouldn't Work Any Night (Ideally)

We ought not work during any nighttime period if we can help it. We ought to limit our working time to 12 (daylight) hours per every 24 hours.

However, it appears that for certain reasons we might have to work during the night. SHAUL the apostle says he worked night and day so not to be a burden to the Thessalonian believers: 2Th 3:8 "nor did we eat anyone’s bread without paying for it, but worked with labour and toil night and day, in order not to burden any of you."


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♖ Petra—Place of Safety is a website that encourages fleeing from the Earth to Petra for the Great Tribulation. Petra is the one-and-only place of safety for the Wise Virgins in the coming 3.5 year Great Tribulation—the rapture is after the Tribulation. Petra is for believers in the Messiah—not Judaists. Site created in 2008 by Jane E Lythgoe—Also Author of Yehweh.Org.

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